Effectiveness of a regional model calibrated to different parts of a flow regime in regionalisation
H. S. Kim
PhD, Deputy Director, Office for Disaster Investigation and Analysis, Ministry of Public Safety and Security, Seoul, Korea
Received: 10 May 2015 – Accepted for review: 10 Jul 2015 – Discussion started: 30 Jul 2015
Abstract. The objective of this study was to reduce the parameter uncertainty which has an effect on the identification of the relationship between the catchment characteristics and the catchment response dynamics in ungauged catchments. A water balance model calibrated to represent the rainfall runoff characteristics over long time scales had a potential limitation in the modelling capacity to accurately predict the hydrological effects of non-stationary catchment response dynamics under different climate conditions (distinct wet and dry periods). The accuracy and precision of hydrological modelling predictions was assessed to yield a better understanding for the potential improvement of the model's predictability. In the assessment of model structure suitability to represent the non-stationary catchment response characteristics, there was a flow-dependent bias in the runoff simulations. In particular, over-prediction of the streamflow was dominant for the dry period. The poor model performance during the dry period was associated with the largely different impulse response estimates for the entire period and the dry period. The refined calibration approach was established based on assessment of model deficiencies. The rainfall–runoff models were separately calibrated to different parts of the flow regime, and the calibrated models for the separated time series were used to establish the regional models of relevant parts of the flow regime (i.e. wet and dry periods). The effectiveness of the parameter values for the refined approach in regionalisation was evaluated through investigating the accuracy of predictions of the regional models. The predictability was demonstrated using only the dry period to highlight the improvement in model performance easily veiled by the performance of the model for the whole period. The regional models from the refined calibration approach clearly enhanced the hydrological behaviour by improving the identification of the relationships between the catchment attributes and the catchment response dynamics representing the time constants in fitting recession parts of hydrograph (i.e. improving the parameter identifiability representing the different behaviour of the catchment) in regionalisation.
Kim, H. S.: Effectiveness of a regional model calibrated to different parts of a flow regime in regionalisation, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 12, 7057-7098, doi:10.5194/hessd-12-7057-2015, 2015.