Monitoring infiltration processes with high-resolution surface-based Ground-Penetrating Radar
P. Klenk, S. Jaumann, and K. Roth
Institute of Environmental Physics, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Received: 06 Nov 2015 – Accepted for review: 10 Nov 2015 – Discussion started: 20 Nov 2015
Abstract. In this study, we present a series of high resolution Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) measurements monitoring two artificially induced infiltration pulses into two different sands with dual-frequency ground-based GPR. After the application of the second infiltration pulse, the water table in the subsoil was raised by pumping in water from below. The longterm relaxation of the system was then monitored over the course of several weeks. We focused on the capillary fringe reflection and on observed variations in soil water content as derived from direct wave travel times. We discuss the advantages of this dual-frequency approach and show the attainable precision in longterm monitoring of such relaxation processes. Reaching a relative precision of better than 0.001 [–] in water content, we can clearly discern the relaxation of the two investigated sands.