The water temperature characteristics of the Lena River at basin outlet in the summer period
Vera Fofonova1, Igor Zhilyaev2, Marina Krayneva3, Dina Yakshina3, Nikita Tananaev4, Nina Volkova5, and Karen H. Wiltshire11Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, List, 25992, Germany 2Southern Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, 344006, Russia 3Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics, Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia 4Igarka Geocryology Laboratory, Permafrost Institute, Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences, Igarka, 663200, Russia 5State Hydrological Institute, 23, St. Petersburg, 199053, Russia
Received: 20 May 2016 – Accepted for review: 02 Jun 2016 – Discussion started: 14 Jun 2016
Abstract. The water temperature characteristics of the Lena River at basin outlet during the summer season (June–September) are considered. The analysis is based on a long-term data series covering the period from the beginning of observation (1936) to the present time (2012) at Kusur (Kyusyur) gauging station and complementary data at several stations downstream and one station upstream. These additional data are rarely used, but their analysis is important for understanding processes in the basin outlet area. The differences between the stream surface temperatures at Kusur station and 200 km downstream to the north at Habarova (Khabarova) station have almost always been an anomalously large and negative for the considered period since the beginning of observation during open water season from July to September. The description of this difference and its analysis are presented. To sort the problem out, we consider the observational data in terms of the hydrology and morphology of the Lena River delta and main channel area and apply statistical and deterministic modelling approaches. The inability of water temperature observational data at Kusur station to represent the mean cross-sectional temperature is addressed. The analysis of the water temperature trends at the Kusur and Habarova stations is also presented.
Fofonova, V., Zhilyaev, I., Krayneva, M., Yakshina, D., Tananaev, N., Volkova, N., and Wiltshire, K. H.: The water temperature characteristics of the Lena River at basin outlet in the summer period, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/hess-2016-254, 2016.