Journal cover Journal topic
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
doi:10.5194/hess-2016-368
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Review article
13 Sep 2016
Review status
A revision of this discussion paper is under review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS).
Rainfall and streamflow sensor network design: a review of applications, classification, and a proposed framework
Juan Carlos Chacon-Hurtado1, Leonardo Alfonso1, and Dimitri Solomatine1,2 1Department of Integrated Water Systems and Governance, UNESCO-IHE, Institute for Water Education, Delft, the Netherlands
2Water Resources Section, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands
Abstract. Sensors and sensor networks play an important role in decision-making related to water quality, operational streamflow forecasting, flood early warning systems and other areas. Although there is a variety of evaluation and design procedures for sensor networks, most of the existing approaches focus on maximising the observability and information content of a variable of interest. Moreover, from the context of hydrological modelling, only a few studies use the performance of the hydrological simulation of discharge as design criteria. In this paper, we review the existing methodologies and propose a framework for classifying the design methods, as well as a generalised procedure for an optimal network design in the context of rainfall-runoff hydrological modelling.

Citation: Chacon-Hurtado, J. C., Alfonso, L., and Solomatine, D.: Rainfall and streamflow sensor network design: a review of applications, classification, and a proposed framework, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/hess-2016-368, in review, 2016.
Juan Carlos Chacon-Hurtado et al.
Juan Carlos Chacon-Hurtado et al.
Juan Carlos Chacon-Hurtado et al.

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Short summary
This paper compiles most of the studies (as far as the authors are concerned) on the design of sensor networks for measurement of precipitation and streamflow. The literature shows that there is no overall consensus on the methods for the evaluation of sensor networks, as different design criteria often lead to different solutions. This paper proposes a methodology for the classification of methods, and a general framework for the design of sensor networks.
This paper compiles most of the studies (as far as the authors are concerned) on the design of...
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