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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers | Copyright
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 19 Jun 2018

Research article | 19 Jun 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS).

Integrating multiple satellite observations into a coherent dataset to monitor the full water cycle – Application to the Mediterranean region

Victor Pellet1,2, Filipe Aires1,2, Simon Munier3, Gabriel Jordá4, Diego Fernández Prieto5, Wouter Arnoud Dorigo6, Jan Polcher7, and Luca Brocca8 Victor Pellet et al.
  • 1LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, Paris, France
  • 2Estellus, Paris, France
  • 3CNRM, Météo-France, Toulouse, France
  • 4University of the Balearic Islands, Majorque, Spain
  • 5European Space Agency (ESA-ESRIN), Rome, Italy
  • 6Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation, TUWIEN, Wien, Austria
  • 7Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Paris, France
  • 8Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica, Perugia, Italy

Abstract. Integration techniques are used to combine Earth Observation (EO) datasets to study the Water Cycle (WC). By merging several datasets, they reduce uncertainty and introduce coherency among them. Several EO integration methods are presented and compared: The Optimal Selection (OS) simply choses the best individual datasets. Simple Weighting (SW) is a weighted sum of the datasets to reduce uncertainties. Three other techniques introduce a closure-constraint on the WC budget: (1) The SW plus Post-Filtering (PF) is very efficient but it is applied at the basin-scale only, and lacks in spatial information. (2) By using a spatial interpolation scheme, the INTegration (INT) solution allows obtaining a pixel-scale database, but only for the common period of the all the water components. (3) A simple CALibration (CAL) of the EO datasets is therefore introduced to reproduce the INT results over the longer temporal extent of the EO datasets, but its closure constraint is relaxed. Results are presented over the Mediterranean region, one of the more complex environnements and a hot-spot for climate change. We extended previous techniques to close simultaneously the terrestrial, oceanic and atmospheric WC budgets. We also introduce temporal and spatial multi-scaling constraints. The evaluation is performed for precipitation and evapotranspiration: in addition to better close the WC budget, the integrated database is also closer to in situ measurements. The resulting integrated database provides new estimates for the WC components: stock and flux annual-means are re-evaluated, and we now estimate the Bosporus net-flow mean value at 129±60mm.yr−1 for the 2004–2009 period. This new EO-based database describing the terrestrial, oceanic and atmospheric WC over the Mediterranean is now proposed to the scientific community.

Victor Pellet et al.
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Status: final response (author comments only)
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Victor Pellet et al.
Victor Pellet et al.
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Short summary
This study is an effort for a better understanding and quantification of the water cycle and related processes in the Mediterranean region, by dealing with satellite products and their uncertainties. The aims of the paper are threefold: (1) developing method with hydrological constraint to integrate all the datasets, (2) Giving the full picture of the Mediterranean WC, (3) building an model-independent database that can evaluates the numerous Regional Climate Models (RCMs) for this region.
This study is an effort for a better understanding and quantification of the water cycle and...