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Discussion papers | Copyright
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2018-344
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 28 Jun 2018

Research article | 28 Jun 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS).

Developing a GIS-based water poverty and rainwater harvesting suitability maps for domestic use in the Dead Sea region (West Bank, Palestine)

Sameer M. Shadeed1, Tariq G. Judeh1, and Mohammad N. Almasri2 Sameer M. Shadeed et al.
  • 1Water and Environmental Studies Institute, An-Najah National University, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine
  • 2Civil Engineering Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine

Abstract. In Dead Sea region as arid to semi-arid regions, water shortage and the inability to satisfy the increasing domestic water demand have been threatening the sustainable development. In such situations, domestic rainwater harvesting is considered an efficient management option to combat water poverty. This paper aims to develop a domestic water poverty (DWP) and domestic rainwater harvesting suitability (DRWHS) maps for the West Bank, Palestine (5860km2). The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) together with the GIS-based weighted overly summation process (WOSP) was utilized in the development of these maps. A total of 12 and four different assessing criteria were used in the development of DWP and DRWHS maps, respectively. Results of DWP map indicate that about 57% of the West Bank is under high to very high domestic water poverty. On the other hand, the DRWHS map indicates that about 60% of the West Bank can be classified as high to very high suitable areas for domestic rainwater harvesting. Furthermore, DWP and DRWHS maps intersection indicates that around 31% of the West Bank areas could be classified as high potential locations for adopting rainwater harvesting techniques for domestic purposes. Finally, the developed maps are of high value for different stakeholders to realize the importance of promoting rainwater harvesting for a self-sustaining and self-reliant domestic water supply in high water poverty areas in the Dead Sea region generally and in the West Bank particularly.

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The paper aimed to develop DWP and DRWHS maps in the West Bank (Palestine) using an integrated GIS-based MCDA approach. The obtained maps will assist the decision makers to formulate proper strategies including the development of efficient and comprehensive water resources management strategies in trying to bridge the increasing water supply-demand gap for domestic purposes in the West Bank as a recognized area in the Dead Sea region which is facing a series water resources shortage challenges.
The paper aimed to develop DWP and DRWHS maps in the West Bank (Palestine) using an integrated...
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