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Hydrology and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2019-217
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2019-217
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 04 Jun 2019

Submitted as: research article | 04 Jun 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS).

Identification of Hotspots of Rainfall Variation Sensitive to Indian Ocean Dipole Mode through Intentional Statistical Simulations

Jong-Suk Kim1, Phetlamphanh Xaiyaseng1, Lihua Xiong1, Sun-Kwon Yoon2, and Taesam Lee3 Jong-Suk Kim et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, P.R. China
  • 2Department of Safety and DisasterPrevention Research, Seoul Institute of Technology, Seoul 03909, Republic of Korea
  • 3Department of Civil Engineering, ERI, Gyeongsang National University, 501 Jinju-daero, Jinju, Gyeongnam, South Korea, 660-701

Abstract. This study analyzed the sensitivity of rainfall patterns over the Indochina Peninsula (ICP) to sea surface temperature in the Indian Ocean based on statistical simulations of observational data. Quantitative changes in rainfall patterns over the ICP were examined for both wet and dry seasons to identify hotspots sensitive to ocean warming in the Indo-Pacific sector. Rainfall variability across the ICP was confirmed amplified by combined and/or independent effects of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). During the years of El Niño and a positive phase of the IOD, rainfall is less than usual in Thailand, Cambodia, southern Laos, and Vietnam. Conversely, during the years of La Niña and a negative phase of the IOD, rainfall throughout the ICP is above normal, except in parts of central Laos and northern Vietnam. This study also simulated the change of ICP rainfall in the wet and dry seasons according to intentional IOD changes, and IOD-sensitive hotspots were verified through quantitative analysis. The results of this study provide clear understanding both of the sensitivity of regional precipitation to the IOD and of the potential future impact of statistical changes regarding the IOD in terms of understanding regional impacts associated with precipitation in a changing climate.

Jong-Suk Kim et al.
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Short summary
The current study illustrates rainfall patterns over the Indochina Peninsula (ICP) to sea surface temperature in the Indian Ocean. During El Niño years and a positive IOD, rainfall is less than usual in Thailand, Cambodia, southern Laos, and Vietnam. Conversely, during La Niña years and the negative IOD, rainfall throughout the ICP is above normal. It shows that (1) the sensitivity of regional precipitation to the IOD and (2) the potential future impact of statistical changes.
The current study illustrates rainfall patterns over the Indochina Peninsula (ICP) to sea...
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